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冷却塔的工作原理、安装、选型及故障处理方法

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冷却塔的工作原理、安装、选型及故障处理方法

发布日期:2018-03-30 作者: 点击:

冷却塔的工作原理、安装、选型及故障处理方法



LENGQUETASHILIYONGSHUIHEKONGQIDEJIECHU,TONGGUOZHENGFAZUOYONGLAISANQUGONGYESHANGHUOZHILENGKONGDIAOZHONGCHANSHENGDEFEIREDEYIZHONGSHEBEI。GONGYESHENGCHANHUOZHILENGGONGYIGUOCHENGZHONGCHANSHENGDEFEIRE,YIBANYAOYONGLENGQUESHUILAIDAOZOU。CONGJIANG、HE、HU、HAIDENGTIANRANSHUITIZHONGXIQUYIDINGLIANGDESHUIZUOWEILENGQUESHUI,LENGQUEGONGYISHEBEIXIQUFEIRESHISHUIWENSHENGGAO,ZAIPAIRUJIANG、HE、HU、HAI,ZHEIZHONGLENGQUEFANGSHICHENGWEIZHILIULENGQUE。DANGBUJUBEIZHILIULENGQUETIAOJIANSHI,ZEXUYAOYONGLENGQUETALAILENGQUE。LENGQUETADEZUOYONGSHIJIANGXIEDAIFEIREDELENGQUESHUIZAITANEIYUKONGQIJINXINGREJIAOHUAN,SHIFEIRECHUANSHUJIKONGQIBINGSANRENDAQI。


一、冷却塔工作基本原理

GANZAO(DIHANZHI)DEKONGQIJINGGUOFENGJIDECHOUDONGHOU,ZIJINFENGWANGCHUJINRULENGQUETANEI;BAOHEZHENGQIFENYALIDADEGAOWENSHUIFENZIXIANGYALIDIDEKONGQILIUDONG,SHIRE(GAOHANZHI)DESHUIZIBOSHUIXITONGSARUTANEI。DANGSHUIDIHEKONGQIJIECHUSHI,YIFANGMIANYOUYUKONGQIYUBUDEZHIJIECHUANRE,LINGYIFANGMIANYOUYUSHUIZHENGQIBIAOMIANHEKONGQIZHIJIANCUNZAIYALICHA,ZAIYALIDEZUOYONGXIACHANSHENGZHENGFAXIANXIANG,DAIDAOMUQIANWEIZOUZHENGFAQIANRE,JIANGSHUIZHONGDERELIANGDAIZOUJIZHENGFACHUANRE,CONGERDADAOJIANGWENZHIMUDE。

二、冷却塔的工作过程

YIYUANXINGNILIUSHILENGQUETADEGONGZUOGUOCHENGWEILI:

RESHUIZIZHUJIFANGTONGGUOSHUIBENGYIYIDINGDEYALIJINGGUOGUANDAO、HENGHOU、QUHOU、ZHONGXINHOUJIANGXUNHUANSHUIYAZHILENGQUETADEBOSHUIXITONGNEI,TONGGUOBOSHUIGUANSHANGDEXIAOKONGJIANGSHUIJUNYUNDIBOSAZAITIANLIAOSHANGMIAN;GANZAODEDIHANZHIDEKONGQIZAIFENGJIDEZUOYONGXIAYOUDIBURUFENGWANGJINRUTANEI,RESHUILIUJINGTIANLIAOBIAOMIANSHIXINGCHENGSHUIMOHEKONGQIJINXINGREJIAOHUAN,GAOSHIDUGAOHANZHIDEREFENGCONGDINGBUCHOUCHU,LENGQUESHUIDIRUDIPENNEI,JINGCHUSHUIGUANLIURUZHUJI。

YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,JINRUTANEIDEKONGQI、SHIGANZAODISHIQIUWENDUDEKONGQI,SHUIHEKONGQIZHIJIANMINGXIANCUNZAIZHESHUIFENZIDENONGDUCHAHEDONGNENGYALICHA,DANGFENGJIYUNXINGSHI,ZAITANEIJINGYADEZUOYONGXIA,SHUIFENZIBUDUANDIXIANGKONGQIZHONGZHENGFA,CHENGWEISHUIZHENGQIFENZI,SHENGYUDESHUIFENZIDEPINGJUNDONGNENGBIANHUIJIANGDI,CONGERSHIXUNHUANSHUIDEWENDUXIAJIANG。

CONGYISHANGFENXIKEYIKANCHU,ZHENGFAJIANGWENYUKONGQIDEWENDU(TONGCHANGSHUODEGANQIUWENDU)DIYUHUOGAOYUSHUIWENWUGUAN,ZHIYAOSHUIFENZINENGBUDUANDIXIANGKONGQIZHONGZHENGFA,SHUIWENJIUHUIJIANGDI。DANSHI,SHUIXIANGKONGQIZHONGDEZHENGFABUHUIWUXIUZHIDIJINXINGXIAQU。

DANGYUSHUIJIECHUDEKONGQIBUBAOHESHI,SHUIFENZIBUDUANDIXIANGKONGQIZHONGZHENGFA,DANDANGSHUIQIJIECHUMIANSHANGDEKONGQIDADAOBAOHESHI,SHUIFENZIJIUZHENGFABUCHUQU,ERSHICHUYUYIZHONGDONGPINGHENGZHUANGTAI。ZHENGFACHUQUDESHUIFENZISHULIANGDENGYUCONGKONGQIZHONGFANHUIDAOSHUIZHONGDESHUIFENZIDESHULIANG,SHUIWENBAOCHIBUBIAN。YOUCIKEYIKANCHU,YUSHUIJIECHUDEKONGQIYUEGANZAO,ZHENGFAJIUYUERONGYIJINXING,SHUIWENJIURONGYIJIANGDI。

三、冷却塔分类

四、冷却塔组成

1淋水填料

JIANGXUYAOLENGQUEDESHUI(RESHUI)DUOCIJIANSACHENGSHUIDIHUOXINGCHENGSHUIMO,YIZENGJIASHUIHEKONGQIDEJIECHUMIANJIHESHIJIAN,CUJINSHUIHEKONGQIDEREJIAOHUAN。SHUIDELENGQUEGUOCHENGZHUYAOZAILINSHUITIANLIAOZHONGJINXING。

2配水系统

JIANGRESHUIJUNYUNFENBUDAOZHENGGELINSHUITIANLIAOSHANG,RESHUIFENBUJUNYUNYUFOU,DUILENGQUEXIAOGUOYINGXIANGHENDA。RUSHUILIANGFENPEIBUJUNYUN,BUJINZHIJIEJIANGDILENGQUEXIAOGUO,YEHUIZAOCHENGBUFENLENGQUESHUIDIFEIJIANERPIAOYIDAOTAWAI。

3通风设备

排列5大小遗漏ZAIJIXIETONGFENGLENGQUETAZHONGLIYONGTONGFENGJICHANSHENGYUJIDEKONGQILIULIANG,YIBAOZHENGYAOQIUDELENGQUEXIAOGUO。

4空气分配装置

LIYONGJINFENGKOU、BAIYECHUANGHEDAOFENGBANDENGZHUANGZHI,YINDAOKONGQIJUNYUNFENBUYULENGQUETAZHENGGEJIEMIANSHANG。

5通风筒

TONGFENGTONGDEZUOYONGSHICHUANGZAOLIANGHAODEKONGQIDONGLITIAOJIAN,JIANSHAOTONGFENGZULI,BINGJIANGPAICHULENGQUETADESHIREKONGQISONGWANGGAOKONGJIANSHAOSHIREKONGQIHUILIU。

JIXIETONGFENGLENGQUETADETONGFENGTONGYOUCHENGFENGTONG。FENGTONGSHIZIRANTONGFENGLENGQUETADETONGFENGTONGQITONGFENGHEJIANGSHIREKONGQISONGWANGGAOKONGDEZUOYONG。

6除水器

JIANGPAICHUSHIREKONGQIZHONGSUOXIEDAIDESHUIDIYUKONGQIFENLI,JIANSHAOYICHUSHUILIANGSUNSHIHEDUIZHOUWEIHUANJINGDEYINGXIANG。

7塔体

LENGQUETADEWAIBUWEIHUJIEGOU,JIXIETONGFENGLENGQUETAHEFENGTONGSHIZIRANTONGFENGLENGQUETADETATISHIFENGBIDE,QIDAOZHICHENG、WEIHUHEZUZHIHESHIQILIUDEGONGNENG;KAIFANGSHILENGQUETADETATIYANTAGAOZUOCHENGKAICHANGDE,YIBIANZIRANFENGJINRUTATI。

8集水池

排列5大小遗漏SHEYULENGQUETAXIABU,HUIJILINSHUITIANLIAOLUOXIADELENGQUESHUI,YOUSHIJISHUICHIHAIJUYOUYIDINGDECHUBEIRONGJI,QIDIAOJIELIULIANGZUOYONG。

9输水系统

JINSHUIGUANJIANGRESHUISONGDAOPEISHUIXITONG,JINSHUIGUANSHANGSHEZHIFAMEN,YIDIAOJIELENGQUETADEJINSHUILIANG,CHUSHUIGUANJIANGLENGQUEHOUDESHUISONGWANGYONGSHUISHEBEIHUOXUNHUANSHUIBENG。ZAIJISHUICHIHAIZHUANGSHEBUCHONGSHUIGUAN、PAIWUGUAN、YILIUGUAN、FANGKONGGUANDENG,BIYAOSHIHAIKEZAIDUOTAILENGQUETAZHIJIANSHELIANTONGGUAN。

10其他设施

排列5大小遗漏BAOKUOJIANXIUMEN、JIANXIUTI、ZOUDAO、ZHAOMING、DIANQIKONGZHI、BILEIZHUANGZHIYIJIBIYAOSHISHEZHIDEFEIXINGZHANGAIBIAOZHIDENG,YOUSHIWEILECESHIXUYAOHAISHEZHILENGQUETACESHIBUJIAN。

SHANGSHUGEZHONGBUJIANDEBUTONGZUHE,GOUCHENGGEZHONGXINGSHIHEYONGTUDELENGQUETA:KAIFANGDIANDISHILENGQUETA、FENGTONGSHIZIRANTONGFENGLENGQUETA、CHOUFENG(HUOGUFENG)NILIUSHILENGQUETA、CHOUFENGHENGLIUSHILENGQUETADENG。

五、冷却塔的适用范围

排列5大小遗漏GONGYESHENGCHANHUOZHILENGGONGYIGUOCHENGZHONGCHANSHENGDEFEIRE,YIBANYAOYONGLENGQUESHUILAIDAOZOU。LENGQUETADEZUOYONGSHIJIANGXIEDAIFEIREDELENGQUESHUIZAITANEIYUKONGQIJINXINGREJIAOHUAN,SHIFEIRECHUANSHUJIKONGQIBINGSANRUDAQIZHONG。

LIRU:HUODIANCHANGNEI,GUOLUJIANGSHUIJIARECHENGGAOWENGAOYAZHENGQI,TUIDONGQILUNJIZUOGONGSHIFADIANJIFADIAN,JINGQILUNJIZUOGONGHOUDEFEIQIPAIRULENGNINGQI,YULENGQUESHUIJINXINGREJIAOHUANNINGJIECHENGSHUI,ZAIYONGSHUIBENGDAHUIGUOLUXUNHUANSHIYONG。ZHEIYIGUOCHENGZHONGFAQIDEFEIRECHUANJILELENGQUESHUI,SHISHUIWENDUSHENGGAO,XIEDAIFEIREDELENGQUESHUI,ZAILENGQUETAZHONGJIANGRELIANGCHUANDIJIKONGQI,CONGFENGTONGCHUPAIRUDAQIHUANJINGZHONG。

排列5大小遗漏LENGQUETAYINGYONGFANWEI:ZHUYAOYINGYONGYUKONGDIAOLENGQUEXITONG、LENGDONGXILIE、ZHUSU、ZHIGE、FAPAO、FADIAN、QILUNJI、LVXINGCAIJIAGONG、KONGYAJI、GONGYESHUILENGQUEDENGLINGYU,YINGYONGZUIDUODEWEIKONGDIAOLENGQUE、LENGDONG、SUJIAOHUAGONGXINGYE。

六、冷却塔的安装参考

1环境选择

1、YINGBIMIANZHUANGYUFANGSHUITONGDAO、YIFANSHEYINLIANGDEGAOQIANG,YINGZHUANGYUWUDINGHUOKONGQILIUTONGDEDIFANG。

排列5大小遗漏2、LIANGTAIHUOYISHANGLENGQUETABINGYONGSHI,YINGZHUYITASHENJIANJU。

排列5大小遗漏3、BUYINGANZHUANGZAISIMIANYOUWAIQIANGHUOMIBUTOUFENGDEDIFANG,BINGYINGZHUYITASHENYUWAIQIANGJIANJU。

排列5大小遗漏4、YINGBIMIANANZHUANGYOUMEIYANJIHUICHENJIAODUODEDIFANG,FANGSHANGMIANDUSAIJIAOPIAN。

排列5大小遗漏5、YINGYUANLICHUFANGJIGUOLUFANGDENGDAOJIAOREDEDIFANG。

2安装要点

1、JICHUYINGSHUIPINGBUNENGQINGXIE,LENGQUETAZHONGXINXIANCHUIZHIYUSHUIPINGMIAN,FOUZEYINGXIANGBUBUJIDIANJIGONGZUO。

排列5大小遗漏2、DUIYU175tYISHANGDELENGQUECHURUSHUIGUANYINGDIAOXIEZHIZUO。

3、DANGLIANGTAIHUOYISHANGCAIYONGSHUIBENGSHI,YINGZAIBUPENZHIJIANJIAYIPINGHENGSHUIGUAN。

排列5大小遗漏4、XUNHUANCHURUSHUIJIEBO,YIYONGBIZHENHOULIANJIE。

排列5大小遗漏5、LENGQUETASISHEFENGJIYEPIANYINGYUTABIJIANXIYIZHI,JUEBUYUNXULIANGMIANSANDAOCEJIANXIXIANGCHATAIDAFAXIANWENTIJISHIJIEJUE。

6、DIANJIJIJIANSUQIYAODINGQIJIANCHAYUANXIU,JIANSUQIYINGJIANCHAYOUWEI。

3启动检查

排列5大小遗漏1、SUOYOULUOSISHIFOUJINTANEISHIFOUYOUZAWU。

排列5大小遗漏2、FENGSHANJILINSHUIXITONGZHUANDONGSHIFOUSHUNCHANG。

排列5大小遗漏3、 JIANCHADIANYUANYUMADADIANYASHIFOUYIZHI。

4、PIDAIZUHEANZHUANGSHIFOUZHENGQUE。

5、KAIQIBUSHUIFAJIANGSHUIPENJISHUIGUANWANQUANZHUMAN,SHUIWEIDIYUMANSHUIHOU25mm。

6、QIDONGSHI,XIANYUSHUIBENG、HOUKAIFENGJI,JIANCHAFENGXIANG、JIFENGLIANG,JISHIDIAOZHENGZHIZHIDADAOYAOQIUWEIZHI。

7、TINGZHISHI,XIANTINGFENGJIHOUTINGSHUIBENG。

4运行检查

排列5大小遗漏1、BAOCHISHUITANEIQINGJIE,DINGQIZUOSHUIZHICHULI。

排列5大小遗漏2、YUNXINGYUE60hHOU,XUZHONGXINJIANCHAPIDAILALIQUEBAOZHENGCHANG。

排列5大小遗漏3、CHILUNJIANSUXIANGYOUWEIJIYUNXING150hHOUXUGENGHUANRUNHUAYOU。

七、冷却塔选型的依据

TONGCHANGXUANYONGLENGQUETASHIGENJUQIZHILENGLIANGERDING,KONGDIAOZHILENGXITONGLENGQUETADEXUNHUANSHUILIANG,YOUZHILENGJIDEZHILENGNENGLI、LENGQUESHUIJINCHUKOUSHUIWENCHAERDING,TONGCHANGSUOZHIDEJINCHUKOUSHUIWENCHASHIZHIBIAOZHUNGONGKUANGXIASHEJIDE。JIJINSHUIWENDUWEI37℃ 、CHUSHUIWENDUWEI32℃、SHIQIUWENDUWEI28℃。

排列5大小遗漏DANGLENGQUETASUOZAIDIQUSHIQIUWENDUBUSHIBIAOZHUNGONGKUANG,JINCHUSHUIWENYEBIANHUASHI,QIBIJINDU(BIJINDUWEICHUSHUIWENDUYUSHIQIUWENDUZHICHA)YEJIANGBIANHUA。RUZAIBEIJINGDIQU,SHIQIUWENDUWEI26.4℃、JINSHUIWENDUWEI35℃、CHUSHUIWENDUWEI 29.5℃,QIBIJINDUWEI3℃。

排列5大小遗漏BIJINDUZHIJIEYINGXIANGLENGQUETADEZHILENGLIANG,BIJINDUYUEXIAO,QILENGQUENENGLIYUEXIAO;FANZHI,BIJINDUYUEDA,QILENGQUENENGLIYUEDA。BIAOZHUNXING100SHUIDUNLENGQUETAZAIBIJINDUWEI4DUSHI;KELENGQUESHUI100DUN,ZAIBIJINDUWEI3DUSHI,ZHIKELENGQUESHUILIANG85DUN,ERYAOLENGQUE100DUNSHUILIANGSHI,LENGQUETABIXUXUANZEBIAOZHUNXING125DUNLENGQUETA。

八、冷却塔常见问题和故障的分析与解决方法

九、冷却塔的正确操作方法

排列5大小遗漏LENGQUETASUIRANSHIKONGDIAOZHILENGXITONGZHONGDEFUSHUSHEBEI,DANTAQUEDANFUZHESANFAZHENGGEXITONGSUOXISHOUDEZONGRELIANGDEZHONGYAORENWUYINCI,DUILENGQUETADECAOZUOZHENGQUEYUFOU,ZHIJIEGUANXIDAOZHENGGEKONGDIAOXITONGDEZHILENGXIAOGUOHEJIENENG。YOUYUYISHANGTANDAODELENGQUETADEWUCAOZUOBIJIAOPUBIAN,BINGQIECONGKAIJIDAOGUANJIDEZHENGGEGUOCHENGDOUCUNZAI,SUOYIQIWEIHAIJIDA,YINGYINQIYOUGUANCAOZUORENYUANHEGUANLIRENYUANDEGAODUZHONGSHI。

排列5大小遗漏LENGQUETAZHENGQUEDECAOZUOFANGFAHEYAOQIUSHI:

排列5大小遗漏(1)LENGQUETADESHIYONGTAISHUYUJIZUDEKAIQITAISHUXIANGPIPEI。

排列5大小遗漏(2)GUANBIBUKAIFENGJIDELENGQUETADEJIN、CHUSHUIFA,FANGZHILENGQUESHUIZAIBUSHIYONGDETAZHONGLIUGUO。

(3)LINSHIZENGKAIDELENGQUETAFENGJI,ZAIGUANDIAOGAIFENGJIHOU,QIANWANBUYAOWANGJIGUANBIGAITADEJIN、CHUSHUIFA,

(4)每班开机后均要检查冷却塔的运行情况.发现未开风机的冷却塔有冷却水经过.都要及时关闭该塔进出水阀,将托水盘水位调节好空调系统的冷凝器、蒸发器、螺杆式冷水机,有的机组装有电动阀,但电动阀容易出故障、失灵,故应加强检查,确保系统正常、正确运行制冷过程实际上是一个热交换过程。冷水机组的热交换较之窗式、分体式、柜式空调复杂,前者为间接制冷,后者为直接制冷。

十、冷却塔的噪声治理

SHENGYUANFENXI:LENGQUETADALIANGYINGYONGYUCHENGSHIBINGUAN、FANDIAN、SHANGCHANG、XIEZILOUDENGLENGQUESHUIXUNHUANXITONG,TONGSHIZAISHIYOU、HUAGONG、FADIAN、YEJINDENGGONGYEQIYEZHONGGUANGFANSHIYONG。

LENGQUETAZAOSHENGYUANYOUYIXIAJIBUFENZUCHENG:1)FENGJIJINPAIQIZAOSHENG;2)LINSHUIZAOSHENG;3)FENGJIJIANSUQIHEDIANDONGJIZAOSHENG;4)LENGQUETASHUIBENG、PEIGUANHEFAMENZAOSHENG。

排列5大小遗漏YOUYULENGQUEFENGJIDEGONGZUOCHANSHENGLEXUANZHUANZAOSHENG、WOXUANZAOSHENGHEJIXIEZAOSHENG。TAMENDEZAOSHENGPINPUJUNJUKUANPINDAITEXING。TADEZAOSHENGZHIBUHENDA,DANTACHUANTOULIQIANG。DUISIZHOUWEIJUMINJIJIANZHUJUNHUIGOUCHENGYINGXIANG,TONGSHIYESHIQITAZAOSHENGYUANDEXINGCHENGYUANYINZHIYI。QIZHONG,ZHUYAOSHIFENGJIYUNXINGJINPAIQIZAOSHENGHELINSHUIZAOSHENG,FENGJITONGGUOJINPAIQIKOUHETATIXIANGWAIFUSHEZAOSHENG。PAIQIKOUZAOSHENGBIJINQIKOUZAOSHENGGAOYUE5-10 dB(A),QIPINPUTEXINGSHIYIDIPINWEIZHUDELIANXUPU,SHUDIPINZAOSHENG。XUNHUANRESHUICONGLINSHUIZHUANGZHIXIALUOSHI,YUTADIJIESHUIPANZHONGDEJISHUIZHUANGJICHANSHENGDELINSHUISHENG,SHUGAOPINZAOSHENG,LINSHUISHENGDEDAXIAOYULINSHUIGAODUYOUGUAN,HEDANWEISHIJIANDESHUILIULIANGYOUGUAN。LENGQUETAZHENGTIZAOSHENGWEIYIDIPINWEIZHUDELIANXUPU,MEIYOUTUCHUDEZAOSHENGFENGZHI,YIBANZAI31.5~2000HzZHIJIAN,ZAOSHENGJIYUEWEI55~85dB(A)。

ZHILIFANGFA:1、KONGZHILENGQUETAJINCHUFENGKOUZAOSHENG,GENJUQINGKUANGXUANYONGXIAOSHENGQIHEGESHENGPINGZHANGDENGBUTONGJIANGZAOSHEBEI。2、KONGZHITATILINSHUIZAOSHENG,GENJUBUTONGQINGKUANGCAIYONGGESHENGJIANHEGESHENGPINGZHANGDENGBUTONGJIANGZAOSHEBEI。3、KONGZHIJISHUIPANLUOSHUIZAOSHENG,GENJUQINGKUANGCAIYONGXIAOSHENGSHUIDIANHELUOSHUIXIAOSHENGQIDENGBUTONGJIANGZAOSHEBEI。4、KONGZHILENGQUETAZHENDONG,CAIYONGJIANZHENQIHEXIANGJIAORUANJIEDENGJIANZHENSHEBEI。

TEBIEZHUYI:ZAILENGQUETAZAOSHENGZHILIDETONGSHI,YAOGENJUSHIDIQINGKUANGCHONGFENKAOLVLENGQUETADEYUNXINGTONGFENGXUQIU,BAOZHENGJIANGZAOSHEBEIANZHUANGHOUBUNENGYINGXIANGLENGQUETADEYUNXING。

十一、冷却塔维护及保养知识

LENGQUETAWEIHUBAOYANG:LENGQUETADEWEIHUBAOYANGGONGXUFENSANGEJIEDUAN,JITINGJIHOUDEQINGXIBAOYANG,KAIJIQIANDEJIANCHADIAOSHI,ZHENGSHIKAIJIYUNXINGZHONGDEXUNSHIJIANCHA。

1冷却塔停机后的清洗、保养

1、SANSHUIXITONG

① JIANCHALENGQUETAZHUSHUIGUAN、FENSHUIGUAN、PENTOUYOUWUPOSUNSONGDONG,JISHISHIXINGXIUBU、GUDING。CHEDIQINGCHUBUSHUIGUANJIPENTOUNEIBUDEWUWU,YIBAOZHENGSHUIGUANCHANGTONG,PENTOUBUSHUIJUNYUN。

排列5大小遗漏② CHEDICHONGXILENGQUETASHUIPANJICHUSHUIGUOLVWANGZHAO,BIMIANSHUIGOUWUWUJICUNDUSAIGUANDAO。QINGXIWANBIYINGDAKAIXIESHUIFAMEN,FANGJINSHUIPANNEIJISHUI,YIMIANDONGHUAI。

③ JIANCHASHUIPAN、TAJIAOSHIFOULOUSHUI,RUYOULOUDIAN,JISHIBUJIAO。

2、SANREXITONG

① QINGXILENGQUETASUOYOUHUANRECAI(TIANLIAO),CHEDIQINGCHUDIAORECAIBIAOMIAN、KONGJIANDESHUIGOUWUWU,BAOZHENGHUANRECAIDEJIEJING。CHAIZHUANGHUANRECAISHIXINGXIUBUGENGHUAN。ZHUANGTIANSHIZHUYIBUFANGJINMI,BULIUJIANXI。

② QINGXIDANGSHUILIAN、XIAOYINTAN,QUCHUWUWU。DUIPOSUNCHUJINXINGXIUBUGENGHUAN。DANGSHUILIANMAFANGSHIYAOQIUJINMI,FANGZHIPIAOSHUI。JIANGLENGQUETACHONGSHUI,JIANCHASHIFOULOUSHUI(TEBIESHITATILIANJIECHU),RUOLOUZEGENGHUANMIFENGJIAN。

3、CHUANDONGXITONG

① DIANJI:JIANCHADIANJIDEJIEXIANDUANZISHIFOUWANHAO,DIANJIZHUANDONGSHIFOUZHENGCHANG,DIANJIJIESIHEZUOMIFENG,DIANJIZHOUCHENGJIAYOURUNHUA,DIANJIWAIQIAOZHONGXINPENQI。ZHANGQITINGJI,JIANYIYEZHUMEIGEYUEZHISHAOYUNZHUANDIANJI3GEXIAOSHI,BAOCHIDIANJIXIANQUANGANZAO,BINGRUNHUAZHOUCHENGBIAOMIAN。

排列5大小遗漏② JIANSUJI:JIANCHAJIANSUJIZHUANDONGSHIFOUZHENGCHANG,RUYOUYISHENG,LIJIGENGHUANJIANSUJIZHOUCHENG。

③ PIDAI、PIDAILUN:DIAOJIEDINGSI,SONGKAIPIDAI,YANZHANGPIDAISHIYONGSHOUMING。JIANCHAPIDAIYOUWUPOSUN、LIEWEN,BIYAOSHIJIANYIYEZHUGENGHUANXINPIDAI。XIAOHEPIDAILUN,MADAJIASHUIPINGDU,JINGUSONGDONGLUOSHUAN,YOUXIUSHILUOSHUANYUYIGENGHUAN。

④ FENGSHAN:QINGXISHANYEBIAOMIANWUWU,JIANCHASHANYEJIAODU,SHANYEYUFENGDONGJIANXI,BINGJINXINGDIAOZHENG。

4、TATIWAIGUAN

① DUIFENGDONG、TA、RUFENGDAOBANJINXINGCHEDIQINGXI,BAOZHENGWAIGUANQINGJIEMEIGUAN。

② ZHONGXINJINGUGEBUWEILUOSHUAN,BINGGENGHUANSHENGXIULUOSHUAN。

排列5大小遗漏③ JIANCHATATIWAIGUANYOUWUPOSUN、LIEWEN,JISHIYUYIXIUBU。

④ JIANCHATATIBIBANLIFENGCHUSHIFOUYANMI,BIYAOSHIZHONGXINSHUAJIAOXIUBU。

5、LENGQUETAFUJIAN

① JIANCHAZIDONGBUSHUIZHUANGZHI--FUQIUYOUWUSUNHUAI、GONGZUOSHIFOUZHENGCHANG。FAXIANYICHANGJISHIXIULI、GENGHUAN。

② DUILENGQUETATIEJIANLUOSHUANZHONGXINJINGU、GENGHUANSHENGXIULUOSHUAN,DUIXIUSHITIEJIANXINSHUAQI。

③ JIANCHAJIN、CHUSHUIGUAN,BUSHUIGUANDETATIFALANPANYOUWUPOSUN、LOUSHUI、LENGQUETAQINGXIBAOYANGWANBI,JIANYIYEZHUYONGCAITIAOWEIDANGBUJIANGLENGQUETAFENGDONGBAOGUOMIFENG,YIFANGZAWUJINRULENGQUETANEIBU。

2冷却塔开机前的检查、调式

排列5大小遗漏① QUDIAOFENGDONGZHEDANG,DIAOJIEDINGSI,DIAOZHENGPIDAISONGJINCHENGDU。

排列5大小遗漏② RENZHENJIANCHALENGQUETACHUANDONGXITONGDEDIANJI、JIANSUJIYUNZHUANSHIFOUZHENGCHANG。

排列5大小遗漏③ JIANCHAQINGLILENGQUETASHUIPAN、GUOLVWANGCHUWUWU,FANGSHUIJIANCHASHUIPAN,TAJIAODEMIBIXING,DIAOZHENGFUQIUWEIZHI,SHISHUIPANSHUIWEIFUHESHIYONGYAOQIU。

排列5大小遗漏④ DIAOZHENGSHANYEJIAODU,CEDUDIANJIDIANLIU,SHIQIDADAOZUIJIAGONGKUANGBIAOZHUN。

排列5大小遗漏⑤ DIAOJIELENGQUETAJIN、CHUSHUIFAMEN,SHILENGQUETASHUILIULIANGDADAOYAOQIU。YAOQIUJUBEI,ZHENGSHIKAIJI。

3冷却塔运行中的巡视、检查

排列5大小遗漏① DINGQIXUNSHIJIANCHAYUNXINGZHONGDELENGQUETA,ZHENGQIUYONGHUYIJIAN,LEJIELENGQUETASHIYONGQINGKUANG。

② RENZHENCESHILENGQUETAJIN、CHUSHUIWENDU、DIANJIYUNZHUANDIANLIUDENGJISHUSHUJU。

排列5大小遗漏③ ZIXIJIANCHADIANJI、JIANSUJIDENGCHUANDONGZHUANGZHIDEYUNZHUANZHUANGKUANG。JIANCHABUSHUIXITONGDESHIJIGONGKUANG。

④ FAXIANGUZHANG,LIJICHULI。

十二、冬季密闭式冷却塔注意事项

为了防止铜管(散热器)和散布水的冻结,请注意下面几点:

① ZAIMIBISHILENGQUETAXUNHUANSHUIZHONGJIARUBUDONGYE、HUOZAIPEIGUANZHONGJIARUFUZHUFANGDONGDIANREQI;KEYIFANGZHIXUNHUANSHUIDEDONGJIE。

② MIBISHILENGQUETAZAIXUNHUANSHUIZHONGJIABUDONGYEHOU,DONGJIEWENDUXIAJIANG,BURONGYIDONGJIE。BUDONGYEDENONGDUYUEGAO,DONGJIEWENDUYUEXIAJIANG,DANSHIRECHUANDAOLVHUIXIAJIANG,SUOYI,ZAILENGQUETAXUANXINGSHIYAOZHUYI;HAIYOURUYOULOUSHUI,BUCHONGSHUISHIHUIXISHIBUDONGYE,ERSHIDONGJIEWENDUSHANGSHENG,QINGZHUYI。

③ MIBISHILENGQUETADEXUNHUANSHUIBENGYUNXINGSHI,FANGDONGDIANREQIJIARE,SHUIBUHUIDONGJIE。RUGUOYOUXUNHUANSHUIBENGTINGZHIDECHANGHE,JIULINGWAIXUYAOFUZHUXUNHUANSHUIBENG,ZHEILIWOMENJIANYISHIYONGZHENGTAOFANGDONGQI(BAOKUOFUZHUXUNHUANSHUIBENG、FANGDONGDIANREQI、PEIGUAN)。

④ MIBISHILENGQUETADEXUNHUANSHUIXITONGSHEZHI3FANGXIANGFAMEN,ZAIXUNHUANSHUITONGGUOPANGTONGGUANLAIKONGZHIRONGLIANGDECHANGHE,RUGUOZENGJIAPANGTONGGUANDELIULIANG,HUIJIANGDITONGGUANNEIDELIUSU,JIUSHIYOUFUHESHIYEKENENGHUICHANSHENGDONGJIE。QINGSHEDINGLENGQUETAZUIXIAOXUNHUANSHUILIANG。

⑤ MIBISHILENGQUETAWEILEFANGZHISANSHUISHUIBENGHESANSHUIPEIGUANDEDONGJIE,QINGSHIYONGFANGDONGDIANREQI,LAIBAOCHIXIABUSHUICAODEWENDU。

十三、密闭式冷却塔使用其他注意事项

排列5大小遗漏① YUNXING、CAOZUO、ZUOYEQIANBIXUYUEDUCAOZUOWEIXIUSHUOMINGSHU,QINGZUNSHOUJINZHISHIXIANG、ZUOYEYAOLING。

排列5大小遗漏② YUNXINGSHIJUEDUIBUYAOJINRULENGQUETANEI。BINGBUYAOPADAOTATISHANGBU。

③ SONGFENGJIYOUKENENGYUNXINGSHI,JUEDUIBUYAOQUPENGSONGFENGJI。

排列5大小遗漏④ FANGDONGDIANREQIHUIFARE,QINGBUYAOYONGSHOUQUPENG。

排列5大小遗漏⑤ QINGBUYAOYINYONGLENGQUETADESHUI,JINRUYANJINGSHIQINGLIJICHONGXI。ZUOYEHOU,QINGSHUKOU、XISHOU。

⑥ TATIGEBUTIEYOUJINGGAOBIAOTIE、ZHUYIBIAOTIE,QINGZUNSHOUBIAOTIEJIZAIDENEIRONG。


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