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常见的制冷压缩机基础知识问题

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常见的制冷压缩机基础知识问题

发布日期:2018-04-11 作者: 点击:

这些常见的制冷压缩机基础知识问题,你都能回答上来吗?

1压缩机为什么至少要连续运行5分钟,关机后至少停3分钟才可以再起动?


GUANJIHOUZHISHAOTING3FENZHONGCAINENGZAICIQIDONGSHIWEILEXIAOCHUYASUOJIJIN/PAIQIDEYACHA。YINWEIZAIYACHAJIAODADEQINGKUANGXIA,HUISHIDIANJIDEQIDONGLIJUZENGDA,YINQIDIANLIUSHANGSHENGDAOYIDINGCHENGDUSHI,BAOHUQIDONGZUO,YASUOJIWUFAJIXUYUNXING。


2R410A/R22润滑油可否混用?


排列5大小遗漏POEYOU(R410a)HEKUANGWUYOU(R22)LIANGZHEJIYOUYOUCHAYI,TEBIESHIXISHIXINGCHAYIMINGXIAN,RUGUOPOEYOUYONGYUR22LENGMEIQIEXITONGBUANR410aDEXITONGYAOQIUTIANJIAGANZAOQI,HUIZAOCHENGMAOXIGUANDUSAIYIJIDIANJIJUEYUANXINGNENGBULIANG。


排列5大小遗漏GENJULENGMEIDEBUTONG,RUNHUAYOUZHONGTIANJIAJIDECEZHONGJILIANGZHIYEYOUCHAYI。YIBAN,R22DEKUANGWUYOUCEZHONGYUTIANJIAFANGYANGHUAJIHEXIAOPAOJI,ERPOEYOUZHEZHONGTIANJIAFANGYANGHUAJIHESUANBUZHUOJI。DANGLIANGZHEHUNYONGSHI,HUIJIANGDIYASUOJIDESHIYONGSHOUMING。


3空调器充氟位置确认


排列5大小遗漏ZHILENGJIYIBANKEZAISANCHUTIANJIA:LENGNINGQI、YASUOJIDECHUYEQICE、ZHENGFAQI。


CHUYEQICHUJIAYE,XITONGQIDONGSHI,YETILENGMEIHUILIANXUCHONGJIQIGANG,SHIYASUOJICHANSHENGYEJI,DUIYASUOJIDESUNHUAISHIJIQIZHIMINGDE,TONGSHIYETIZHILENGJIZHIJIEJINRUYASUOJIHOU,KENENGHUINIANFUZAIJIEXIANDUANZISHANG,YINQISHUNJIANJUEYUAN、NAIYABULIANG;TONGLI,ZAIZHENGFAQICEJIAYEYEHUIFASHENGZHEIZHONGQINGKUANG。


ERDUIYULENGNINGQILAISHUO,YOUYUTABENSHENDETIJIBIJIAODA,NENGCUNFANGZUGOULIANGDEZHILENGJI,TONGSHIQIDONGSHIBUHUICHANSHENGBULIANGHOUGUO,CHONGZHUSUDUKUAIQIEANQUAN;SUOYIYIBANDOUCAIYONGZAILENGNINGQICHUCHONGYEDEFANGFA。


4最大允许充注量


排列5大小遗漏YASUOJIZAISHIYONGSHIZHILENGJIFENGRULIANG,YAOKONGZHIZAIRONGXUFANWEIYINEI,RUGUOZHILENGJIFENGRULIANGGUODUO,KENENGCHANSHENGYIXIABULIANG:

JUEYUANDIANZUXIAJIANG;

排列5大小遗漏YETIHUILIULIANGGUODUO---YEYASUO;

YOUBEIZHILENGJIXISHI---RUNHUABULIANG;

排列5大小遗漏GONGZUONENGLIBUWENDING;PINGHENGYALIZENGDA---QIDONGBULIANG;

排列5大小遗漏ZHANGSHIJIANTINGYONGHOUYASUOJIZHONGYETILENGMEIGUODUO---QIDONGFUHEZENGDA;


5冷凝温度比压缩机底部低6℃


ZAILIANXUYUNZHUANSHIΔT YAOZAI6℃YISHANG;DUANXUYUNZHUANSHIΔT YAOZAI0℃YISHANG,KONGZHIΔT DEYIYI:

YULENGNINGWENDU(XIANGDANGYUQIAOTINEIYADEBAOHEWENDU)XIANGBI,YASUOJIDIBUWENDUJIAODISHI,LENGMEIHUIZAIYASUOJINEIBUDUANNINGJU,ZHEISHIYOUBEILENGMEIXISHI,ZAOCHENGYOUMOQIANGDUBUGOUDAOZHIHUADONGBUJIANDEYANZHONGMOSUN。GUIDINGΔT JIUSHIYAOBAOZHENGLENGMEIBUYAOZAIYASUOJINEININGJU,FANGZHISHANGSHUDEBULIANGFASHENG。

排列5大小遗漏ΔT PIANDIDECHANGJIANYUANYIN:

LENGMEIFENGRULIANGGUODUO;

MAOXIGUANBUHESHI;

DUIYASUOJIDEGUODULENGQUE;

排列5大小遗漏PINFANDE、DUANSHIJIANYUNZHUANDEDUANXUYUNZHUAN。


6电机绕组温度


SHIYONGTIAOJIANZAIZUIDAFUHESHI,YAOZAI127℃YIXIA。


CEDINGFANGFA :ZAIYASUOJITINGZHIHOU3MIAOZHONGYINEI,YONGHUISIDENGDIANQIAOHUOSHUZIOUMUBIAOCEDINGZHURAOZUDIANZU,ZAIGENJUXIAMIANGONGSHIJISUAN:


RAOZUWENDUt℃=[R2(T1+234.5)/R1]-234.5


R2: CEDINGDIANZU;  R1: LENGTAISHIDERAOZUDIANZU;T1:LENGTAIDIANJIWENDU


排列5大小遗漏RUGUORAOZUWENDUCHAOGUOSHIYONGTIAOJIAN,KENENGCHANSHENGDEBULIANG:


排列5大小遗漏RAOZUQIBAOXIANDELAOHUASUDUJIAKUAI(DIANJISHAOHUI);


排列5大小遗漏JUEYUANCAILIAOBANGXIAN、JUEYUANZHILAOHUASUDUJIAKUAI(WENDUMEISHENGGAO10℃JUEYUANSHOUMINGJIANBAN );


排列5大小遗漏YOUYUGUOREZAOCHENGYOUDELIEHUA(RUNHUAXINGNENGXIAJIANG);


7内置式过载保护器


“NEIZHISHIGUOZAIBAOHUQI”CHUDIANZAIZHENGCHANGGONGZUOSHISHICHANGBIDE,DANG“NEIZHISHIGUOZAIBAOHUQI”GANZHIDEYASUOJINEIBUWENDUSHANGSHENGSHI,“SHUANGJINSHUPIAN”DONGZUO,DAIDONGCHUDIANYIJIJIANGCHANGBICHUDIANTIAOKAI,QIEDUANDIANLIUHUILU,DUIYASUOJIXINGCHENGBAOHU。YOUYU“NEIZHISHIGUOZAIBAOHUQI”LIANJIEZAIYAJIMIFENGJIEXIANZHUDECDUAN,KEYITONGSHIJIANGZHU、FULIANGGEXIANQUANJINXINGBAOHU。


排列5大小遗漏SHUANGJINSHUPIANSHIWENDUCHUFAJINXINGBAOHUDONGZUODE。CHUFAWENDUYUANLAIZILIANGBUFEN:YISHIDIANLIUTONGGUOSHIDEDIANJIARERELIANG,ERSHI“NEIZHISHIGUOZAIBAOHUQI”DEJINSHUWAIQIAOGANZHIDEWENDU。



8变频用热动开关、热敏电阻


排列5大小遗漏REDONGKAIGUANHEREMINDIANZUJUNYUYASUOJIJIEXIANWUGUAN,BUZHIJIECHUANLIANZAIYASUOJIDIANLUZHONG。


REDONGKAIGUANSHITONGGUOGANSHOUYASUOJIQIAOGAIWENDU,KONGZHIYASUOJIKONGZHIDIANLUDETONGDUAN。


排列5大小遗漏REMINDIANZUSHIFUWENDUTEXINGYUANJIANYOUFANKUIXINHAOSHUCHUDAOWEICHULIQI。ZAIWEICHULIQINEIYUXIANSHURUYIZUWENDU、ZUZHISHUBIAO。MEICEDEYIGEZUZHI,JIUNENGZAIWEIDIANNAOZHONGFANYINGCHUXIANGYINGDEWENDU。ZUIZHONGDADAOWENDUKONGZHIDEZUOYONG。


9充氟后先运转再检查电气性能


YETAIZHILENGJIFENGRUHOU,CHONGRUDEYETAIZHILENGJIKENENGHUININGJIEZAIJIEXIANDUANZISHANG,YETAIZHILENGJIDEJUEYUANZUKANGYUANXIAOYUQITAIZHILENGJI,HUICHUXIANSHUNJIANZHENGJIJUEYUANDENGJIXIAJIANGDEXIANXIANG。JINGYUNZHUANHOU,YETAIZHILENGJIZHENGFA,JUEYUANHUIHUIFUZHENGCHANG。


10为何系统要规定真空度


ZHENKONGDUZHIJIEYINGXIANGDAOXITONGNEIDEHANSHUILIANG,ZHENKONGDUYUEDI,XITONGZHONGCANLIUDESHUIZHENGQIYUESHAO。


1、ZHIRESHIMAOXIGUAN、PENGZHANGFADEBINGDU;


排列5大小遗漏2、SHUIFENDAOZHIDESUANXINGHUANJINGHUIJIAJUYOUDELIEHUAHEDIANJISHAOHUI;HUIQINSHILINGBUJIAN,DUIYASUOJICHANSHENGZHIMINGYINGXIANG。


排列5大小遗漏3、HUICHANSHENG“DUTONG”XIANXIANG,YINGXIANGBUPINDEPEIHEJIANXIHEMIFENGXIAOGUO;YANZHONGDEDIANDUTONGXIANXIANGHUIZHIJIEDAOZHIPEIHEBUPINDEDUZHUAN。


4、ZHILENGJIHUIFENJIE;


5、KONGQIWEIBUNINGJIEQITI,DAOZHIXITONGYALIGAO,GONGKUANGBUWENDING;


11系统真空状态时注意事项


排列5大小遗漏ZAIZHENKONGZHUANGTAIXIA,YASUOJIYANJINYUNZHUANHUOSHIJIADIANMAICHONG。


排列5大小遗漏YINWEIZAIZHENKONGZHUANGTAIXIA,DIANZIRONGYIBEIYOULICHULAI,YINCICHANSHENGFANGDIAN。ERDAIDIANTIJIANCUNZAIJIEZHI(RUZHILENGJI、KONGQI),DIANZIJIUBURONGYIYOULI。


12如何判断油面、油量是否合适


ZHUYAOYOULIANGLEIQUEREN:


1、SHIJINGGUANCHA,GUANCHAGEGONGKUANG(HANTESHUGONGKUANG)XIA,YASUOJINEIJIYOUSHIFOUXIANGXITONGYICHANGDEZHUANYI,SHIFOUYOUTESHUSHIJIANDIANDEYOUMIANJIANGDI。



2、SHIYANSHIJIEQUYOU+LENGMEIDEHUNHEWU,CESHIYOUXISHILVBUCHAOCHUYUNXUZHI。


TONGGUOYISHANGDECUOSHI,WOMENJIBENKEYIPANDINGYIGEXITONGDEHUIYOU、LENGMEICHONGZHULIANGDUIYASUOJIKEKAOXINGSHIFOUHESHI。YASUOJIYUKONGDIAOXITONGJUYOUPIPEIXING,JIANDANDESHIYANBINGBUNENGWANQUANJIANGZHANGQIYUNZHUANZHONGKENENGFASHENGDEWENTIQUANBUJINXINGKAOHE。

制冷压缩机使用注意事

1压缩机误接线


YASUOJIZHIYOUYIZHONGZHENGQUEDEJIEXIANFANGSHI,QITADOUSHICUOWUDE。YOUYUWUJIEXIAN,REBAOHUQIKENENGSANGSHIBAOHUGONGNENG,ERDAOZHIYASUOJISHAOHUI,YIBANHUIZAOCHENGFUXIANQUANSHAOHUI。


DUISANXIANGYASUOJI,YAOYOUXIANGXUBAOHUZHUANGZHI。


2空调系统中异物进入


排列5大小遗漏XITONGCANLIUWULAIYUANKENENGYOU:


a、TONGGUANQIEGESHICHANSHENGXIXIAOTONGXIE。


排列5大小遗漏b、XITONGZHIZAOGUOCHENGZHONGDEJIAGONGYOU、ZAZHIDENGYIWU


c、YASUOJIZHANGQIBAOLUZAIKONGQIZHONG,HUICHEN、SHUIZHENGQIJINRU。


d、HANJIESHI,GUANLUNEIBUBIAOMIANHUICHANSHENGYANGHUAMO,SUOYIHANJIESHIYAOCHONGDANQIBAOHU


CANLIUWUDUIXITONGDEYINGXIANG:


排列5大小遗漏a、HUIJIAJUYUNDONGJIANMOCAMIANDEMOSUNHEDUSAIBENGYOUTONGDAO;


b、DANGYASUOJIZHONGHANYOUSHUIFEN、XIANWEI、HUICHENDENGWEIXIAOJIAZAWUSHI,KENENGXIFUZAIDIANJIRAOZUJIJIEXIANZHUSHANG,JIANGDIZHENGJIJUEYUANXINGNENG;


排列5大小遗漏c、JIAGONGYOUDENGHAIHUIHELENGMEIHUOLENGDONGJIYOUFANYING,CHANSHENGYUZHA、JIAOTAN,FUZHEZAIPAIQIFAPIAN,XIQILVWANG、MAOXIGUANZHONG,YINQIDUSAI;


3系统进水


排列5大小遗漏KONGDIAOQIXITONGZHONGSHUIFENDEHANLIANGYINGKONGZHIZAI75ppmYIXIA(TUIJIANZHI)。


a、SHUIFENJINRUDETUJING:


b、KONGDIAOZAIZHIZAOGONGXUZHONGJINRUSHUI;


c、LENGMEIZHONGHANYOUJIAODUODESHUIFEN;


排列5大小遗漏d、XITONGXIELOUZAOCHENGSHUIFENDERUQIN;


排列5大小遗漏e、YASUOJIMIFENGBUDANG,CHANGKAIFANGZHI;


f、XITONGZHENKONGDUWEIDADAOBIAOZHUN;


排列5大小遗漏g、ANZHUANGSHIFANGKONGBUWANQUAN;


4系统回油不足


LENGDONGJIYOUZUOYONG:


①RUNHUA,YOUXIAOFANGZHIJIXIEBUPINMOHAO。


②YOUFENGZUOYONG,WEICHIGAODIYACHA。


排列5大小遗漏③JISHIDAIZOUMOCACHANSHENGDERELIANG。


RULENGDONGJIYOUPAICHUHOUBUNENGSHUNLIFANHUI,ZEXITONGHUIYOUBUZU,ZAOCHENG:


YOUHUILIUBULIANGKENENGFASHENGDEBULIANG;


排列5大小遗漏RUNHUABULIANGDAOZHIYUNDONGBUJIANDEMOSUN、KASI;


YASUOJINENGLIJIANGDI;


GUORE;


ZAOCHENGYOUHUILIUBULIANGZHUYAOYUANYIN:


排列5大小遗漏ZHILENGJIGUODUO,YOUPAICHULIANGZENGDA;


PEIGUANBUHESHI(PEIGUANTAIZHANG,GUANJINGDA);


ZAIJIDIWENTIAOJIANXIAYUNZHUAN;


DUANXUYUNZHUANJIANGESHIJIANDUAN;


排列5大小遗漏LENGMEIXUNHUANLIANGSHAO,YALIDI;


MAOXIGUANBUHESHI;


5过负荷运转


排列5大小遗漏YASUOJIYOUZUIDAYUNXINGGONGKUANGDEGUIDING,RUCHAOCHUYUNXUFANWEI,HUIZAOCHENGYIXIAHOUGUO:


排列5大小遗漏a.YOUYUPAIQIWENDUGUOGAO,PAIQIFAPIANBIAOMIANLENGDONGYOUTANHUA。


b.YOUYUBENGTIGAODIYALICHAGUODA,YEPIANCAOBEIMOSUN。


c.SHIYONGSHOUMINGJIANGDI。


6冷媒泄漏


KONGDIAOXITONGYOUYUFASHENGXIELOUZHISHILENGMEIJIANSHAO。RUCIZHANGQIYUNZHUAN,ZHISHIDIANJICHANSHENGDERELIANGWUFABEILENGMEIDAICHU;PAIQIWENDUYEHUIXIANGYINGSHENGGAO,DANGWENDUGUOGAO,R22KAISHIREFENJIE,SHENGCHENGSUANYUSHUI。HAIHUISHILENGDONGYOUZHONGDETANYOULICHULAI,SHENGCHENGJITAN;LENGMEIXIELOUYEHUIDAOZHIHUIYOUBULIANG。


7非正常受电


YOUHENDUODIANJIZHUXIANQUANHUOFUXIANQUANJUNYUNGUORE,YUDIANJIBENSHENDEZAJIANDUANLUCHAYIMINGXIAN。


DIANJIJUNYUNGUOREYIBANSHIYOUYUSHOUWAIBUDADIANLIUCHONGJIHUOZHANGQICHUYUGUOREZHUANGTAISUOZAOCHENGDE。RUYICHANGDIANYA、DIWENDIDIANYAQIDONGDENG。

来源:中国制冷网www.zhileng.com

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